Copyediting: mechanics, accuracy, style

More science than art, this granular-level edit serves to make writing clear and readable. To that end, it fixes mechanical errors related to:

    • grammar — subject-verb agreement, verb tenses, pronoun case
    • punctuation — commas, dashes, hyphens, parentheses, ellipses, quotation marks
    • spelling — typos
    • usage — words often misused: further/farther, fewer/less, imply/infer, discreet/discrete

A copyedit considers word choice for semantic precision and tone; flags or cleans up inaccuracies related to dates, names, book titles (i.e., basic fact checking); checks for missing elements such as captions or headings; verifies quoted material; and ensures complete and correctly formatted source citations, if applicable.

Finally, a copyedit applies consistent editorial style for the treatment of numbers, abbreviations, measurements, headlines (sentence vs. title case), and so forth, as called for by the appropriate style manual: The Associated Press Stylebook, The Chicago Manual of Style, or The Christian Writer’s Manual of Style.

This type of edit does not include substantive (content) editing or rewriting.

Light to medium copyedit — five cents ($0.05) per word
Heavy copyedit — seven cents ($0.07) per word

Proofreading: the final review

This final review before publication scrutinizes proof copy for erroneous spacing; finds any typographical errors previously missed or newly generated; and checks fonts, line/page breaks, and other formatting issues.


All services are provided electronically, using Word’s change-tracking and commenting features or PDF annotating tools.
A rush fee may apply for a turnaround requested within 3 business days.

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